Know What are the Causes of Acne


Acne are breakouts on the skin which mostly occur on the face, neck, shoulders, back, chest and upper arms. Acne breakouts is a condition that affects the hair follicles and sebaceous glands of your skin. When the pores are blocked with dead skin cells and oil, they clog leading to pimples and blackheads.

There are many factors that cause acne. Understanding what causes acne is the first step towards getting rid of it. It is also the first step towards preventing it.

Acne is a major skin disease. Its causes are as varied as they are common. It is not caused by one thing in particular, or even by many things in particular. Acne is caused by both genetics and environment. It is caused by a variety of things that are usually harmless and sometimes bad for you. But it is also affected by factors that don’t have anything to do with your skin, such as puberty and hormones.

Acne can be serious, but it is seldom fatal, and the big risks come from ignoring it or not getting treated when it needs to be treated. If your acne isn’t too severe, you can let it go on for months or years without living with any obvious consequences.

Because you are here, we strongly believe that you want to know what are the cases of acne. We have compiled a list of the major causes of this skin disease to help you understand it better so you may know how to prevent and treat it.

Excess Oil Production

Acne starts when the skin has too much oil for its own good. If you have more oil than skin cells, it oozes out instead of staying where it belongs and keeping your skin smooth.

The glands that make this oil are on the surface of the skin, and people don’t usually think of them as part of the body; they’re just there. But they are not just there. They are part of a huge network that makes all kinds of stuff, including emotions and brain chemicals. The glands that make oil are connected to the glands that make hormones and neurotransmitters, so if you have too much oil, you also get too many hormones and neurotransmitters. And some of these can cause acne.

In simple terms, acne is a disease of excess oil. It’s caused by the face overproducing sebum, which is an oily mixture of fats and glands, which normally slops out of pores in the skin. There are several different types of pores, each doing something slightly different. The small ones near your hair follicles are for getting rid of dirt and dead skin cells; the larger ones in the middle of your forehead are for getting rid of old skin cells that have shed off their outer layer; and the ones around your nose and chin are for getting rid of old oil-and-squeaky-stuff that never made it out to begin with.

The problem is that people sometimes make too much sebum, either because they’re hormonal or because they’re stressed or they’re just tired. When too much sebum gets onto a clog in one of these pores, it starts to grow like a pimple, but a pimple doesn’t go away: it keeps growing bigger until it bursts open and bleeds a lot of stuff that it got from somewhere else into the area around it.


If you are on medication that changes your hormones, it is possible that this will result in acne, although you may still be able to use the medication without having acne. This tends to happen with birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy and blood pressure medications.


Acne can also be caused by a high intake of trans-fats. Some foods such as chips, full fat dairy products and fried foods can cause acne. You can also get acne if you are allergic to something in your diet called arachidonic acid. To keep your skin healthy, eat less meat and more things that contain arachidonic acid — like walnuts and canola oil, for example.

Bacterial Infection

Acne is also caused by bacteria from the Staphylococcus family. The usual culprit is Staphylococcus aureus. This bacterium can live in a variety of places: on your skin, in your nose, in your throat, in your sinuses, in the digestive tract, and so on. On your face it lives in pores that are about 5 micrometers (millionths of a meter) wide. There are about 30 million pores on each square centimeter of normal adult human skin. That means there are about 100 million pores per square centimeter of normal adult human skin-that’s an area equal to a sheet of paper about 10 centimeters high by 15 centimeters wide.

Staphylococcus loves to eat oil, which it gets from dead skin cells and the oil around your face.  When Staphylococcus feeds on this stuff it makes fatty acids which clog up cells and make them swell. If you have lots of these pore-clogged cells you have a pimple.

This sounds like an inflammatory disease but it isn’t; inflammation is what happens when things burn not when they swell! In fact if you don’t get the bacteria out you may never get rid of the acne.

Acne is caused by an abnormal number of skin cells. This can be fixed by giving the body a boost of hormones (birth control pills and so on). But the underlying cause, the reason acne comes back after you’ve gotten the hormones under control, is bacteria.

Bacteria thrive in warm, moist places. The pores of your skin are loaded with bacteria. Women have more pores than men because they have more fat and sweat more. Bacteria take up residence in your pores, multiply inside your pores, and begin to eat away at your skin. Some of these bacteria produce toxins that irritate your skin. Others multiply so quickly that they clog up the pores.

Exposure to Certain Chemicals in Cosmetics

The chemical most likely to cause acne is known as phthalates. It’s a family of chemicals that are widely used in manufacturing plastic and in the manufacture of some perfumes and cosmetics.

Phthalates don’t just come from plastic. They are also found in many food containers, including canned foods, candy, chewing gum and even chocolate. So if you eat plastic or drink a lot of bottled water, this will increase your chance of getting acne.


The most common cause of acne is testosterone. A lot of the time, it isn’t a good thing. Testosterone makes things grow, and people with too much testosterone have more body hair and more body hair means more oil production, which keeps a lot of skin cells alive longer than they should be. And that means you get spots.


There are many causes of acne, and you can’t always control your environment or avoid stress. But almost everyone will have acne at some point in their life. For instance, you might consider adopting a diet that helps prevent acne, or you might take an herbal supplement to treat it. You might also ask your doctor for a prescription cream.


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